Volume Rendering

Volume render uniform mesh types like pyvista.UniformGrid or 3D NumPy arrays

# sphinx_gallery_thumbnail_number = 3
import pyvista as pv
from pyvista import examples

# Volume rendering is not supported with Panel yet
pv.rcParams["use_panel"] = False

# Download a volumetric dataset
vol = examples.download_knee_full()
print(vol)

Out:

UniformGrid (0x7f47cf0b5408)
  N Cells:      10225800
  N Points:     10368384
  X Bounds:     0.000e+00, 1.497e+02
  Y Bounds:     0.000e+00, 1.786e+02
  Z Bounds:     0.000e+00, 2.000e+02
  Dimensions:   208, 248, 201
  Spacing:      7.230e-01, 7.230e-01, 1.000e+00
  N Arrays:     1

Simple Volume Render

# A nice camera position
cpos = [(-381.74, -46.02, 216.54), (74.8305, 89.2905, 100.0), (0.23, 0.072, 0.97)]

vol.plot(volume=True, cmap="bone", cpos=cpos)
../../_images/sphx_glr_volume_001.png

Opacity Mappings

Or use the pyvista.BasePlotter.add_volume() method like below. Note that here we use a non-default opacity mapping to a sigmoid:

p = pv.Plotter()
p.add_volume(vol, cmap="bone", opacity="sigmoid")
p.camera_position = cpos
p.show()
../../_images/sphx_glr_volume_002.png

You can also use a custom opacity mapping

opacity = [0, 0, 0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.6, 1]

p = pv.Plotter()
p.add_volume(vol, cmap="viridis", opacity=opacity)
p.camera_position = cpos
p.show()
../../_images/sphx_glr_volume_003.png

Cool Volume Examples

Here are a few more cool volume rendering examples

head = examples.download_head()

p = pv.Plotter()
p.add_volume(head, cmap="cool", opacity="sigmoid_6")
p.camera_position = [(-228.0, -418.0, -158.0), (94.0, 122.0, 82.0), (-0.2, -0.3, 0.9)]
p.show()
../../_images/sphx_glr_volume_004.png
bolt_nut = examples.download_bolt_nut()

p = pv.Plotter()
p.add_volume(bolt_nut, cmap="coolwarm", opacity="sigmoid_5")
p.show()
../../_images/sphx_glr_volume_005.png
frog = examples.download_frog()

p = pv.Plotter()
p.add_volume(frog, cmap="viridis", opacity="sigmoid_6")
p.camera_position = [(929., 1067., -278.9),
                     (249.5, 234.5, 101.25),
                     (-0.2048, -0.2632, -0.9427)]
p.show()
../../_images/sphx_glr_volume_006.png

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 27.990 seconds)

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